Springfield is a census-designated place in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. The Springfield CDP is recognized by the U.S. Census Bureau with a population of 30,484 as of the 2010 census. The CDP is a part of Northern Virginia, the most populous region of the Washington Metropolitan Area.
Springfield was founded in 1847 around the Orange and Alexandria Railroad’s Daingerfield Station; this is today the Backlick Road Virginia Railway Express station, located off Backlick Road. The station was named for „Springfield Farm“, owned by Henry Daingerfield, an Alexandria businessman who sat on the railroad’s board of directors. The post office was completed sometime after 1851. It was in existence at the time of the American Civil War, being the site of a skirmish on October 3, 1861 and a Confederate raid on August 3, 1863.
Springfield became a major retail destination with the opening of the Springfield Mall (now Springfield Town Center) in 1973–75 (the second regional shopping center in Northern Virginia after Tysons Corner), as well as the Springfield and Brookfield shopping centers. The 1980s and 1990s saw the expansion of retail and high-density housing in the area, at least until the opening of the Franconia-Springfield Parkway in 1996, and the Franconia-Springfield Metro and Virginia Rail Express Station in 1997. The mall was renovated from an indoor facility into a town center with a mixture of shopping, office, and residential development; its first phase opened in 2014.