Every participant in the Work and Travel program has all the rights as well as American citizens in many ways. The difference is that for J1 participants there is a list of jobs that they are not allowed to do during the program.

A list of jobs that J1 students cannot do can be found here:

  1. Jobs that disrupt the Cultural Exchange program.
  2. Positions that require program participants to buy goods that they will then sell in order to make a profit.
  3. Positions that require help with household chores in private homes, such as child care, care for the elderly, gardening, transportation of persons.
  4. Driving a Pedikeb or similar vehicle (once a popular rickshaw, discontinued since 2011).
  5. Positions requiring the management or driving of means of transport on land or water for which permits are required, regardless of whether they are carrying passengers or not.
  6. Positions that involve clinical care and require contact with the patient.
  7. Positions in the adult entertainment industry including escort services, work in adult movie and book stores, and strip clubs.
  8. Positions that require work longer than 4 hours from 10 pm to 6 am.
  9. Positions considered dangerous for young people according to the Secretariat of Labor (Subpart E of 29 CFR part 570)
  10. Positions requiring physical contact with other persons and / or compliance with the rules of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (eg tattooing (including henna), piercings, massages, manicures, hair braids, etc.)
  11. Positions in facilities that offer piercings, tattoos (including henna), massages, manicures, hair braids.
  12. Positions that are based on realized sales and thus do not guarantee participants that they will receive a minimum hourly wage that is in line with federal and state standards.
  13. Positions that include playing games or gambling as well as direct participation in betting.
  14. Positions related to chemical pest control, then work in warehouses, work in distribution centers through catalog or online orders.
  15. Positions in the field of mobile entertainment.
  16. Positions that include another J1 category such as intern, intern, or campus advisor.
  17. Positions that include construction, mining (including extraction of gas and oil), production of food, goods, wood products, printing, natural resources such as crops, animals, fishing, support activities for agriculture and forestry.
  18. Positions obtained through employment agencies.
  19. Positions in kiosks or stands in shopping malls.
  20. Positions related to household chores.
  21. Positions in warehouses or factories.
  22. Administrative positions that handle sensitive or personal information.
  23. Positions of independent contractor (1099 Form employee).
  24. Positions in ponds.
  25. Positions that involve door-to-door sales or agitation.
  26. Positions in the industrial sector – jobs that include working on assembly lines, repeating movements using heavy machinery, using presses and dryers for industrial use, using industrial chemicals, and working in facilities similar to factories.
  27. Positions where the exchange participant is responsible for the safety of other persons, e.g. lifeguard, who do not have regular supervision by the host nor enough time to rest.
  28. Positions involving the use of delicatessen cutters.
  29. Positions that are not paid by the hour, e.g. scholarships.
  30. Positions that involve any relocation of other persons or things.
  31. Positions involving waste management, caretaker or guardian positions.
  32. Positions that involve working out of season, e.g. more than two seasons during the year, or employment longer than 8 months during one calendar year.
  33. Positions in places without telephone and internet communication.