Colchester is the second most populous town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The population was 17,067 as of the 2010 census. It is the fourth-most populous municipality and second-most populous town in the state of Vermont. The town is directly to Burlington’s north on the eastern shore of Lake Champlain to the west of the Green Mountains. The Vermont National Guard is based in the town, and it is also home to the campus of Saint Michael’s College.
Colchester is located on the shore of Malletts Bay, part of Lake Champlain. The westernmost part of the town touches the New York state border in the middle of the lake. To the northwest across the eastern arm of the lake lies the town of South Hero in Grand Isle County, Vermont.
About 2,000 years ago, during the Early Woodland period, pre-Columbian natives lived in the area. Chartered June 7, 1763, the town was named for the Earl of Colchester.
Winooski Falls separated from the town of Colchester in 1922, causing Colchester to lose a large percentage of its population to the newly founded city of Winooski.
There has been an annual „Lake Champlain International Father’s Day Fishing Derby“ (LCI) since 1981. In 2009, 6,000 fishermen entered.
The lakeshore areas of Colchester get an influx of vacationers every summer from southern New England and the New York City area. Traffic, especially around the Fourth of July holiday, increases by a substantial margin.
Niquette Bay State Park offers hiking and swimming in Lake Champlain.